A New Jersey chapter 13 plan must be submitted to the bankruptcy court and approved to become effective. Once the Bankruptcy Court approves the plan, it will prohibit your creditors from collecting their claims from you during the course of the case.
Under a typical New Jersey chapter 13 bankruptcy plan, you make monthly payments to a person called the New Jersey Chapter 13 trustee, who is appointed by the New Jersey bankruptcy court. The chapter 13 Trustee collects the money paid by you under the plan and disburses it to your creditors as the plan directs. Upon completion of the payments in the chapter 13 plan, you will be discharged from liability for the remainder of your debts. The plan can last from 3 to 5 years.
You should consider filing a Chapter 13 plan if you:
You will need to have enough income in a debt consolidation plan to pay off your basic monthly expenses, including your monthly mortgage and have enough for the monthly Plan payments.
PLEASE NOTE LIMITS ON DEBTS - Section 109(e) of Title 11, United States Code sets forth debt limits for individuals to be eligible to file under Chapter 13 the debt limits for filing Chapter 13 of unsecured debts of less than $360,475.00 and secured debts of less than $1,081,400.00. These debt limits are subject to annual cost of living increases and represent values updated through April 1, 2010.
Lien stripping of your second mortgage. If you have a second mortgage on your home and if the value of the property falls below the mortgage loan amount, you may be able to reduce the balance of the 2nd mortgage loan to equal the current value of the property. This is called lien stripping or cram down.
When a judge removes the second mortgage lien during bankruptcy proceedings it is referred to as “stripping” the lien, “ strip down" or a “cram down.” This procedure is only available in a chapter 13 bankruptcies, not in chapter 7 bankruptcies.
This is an example of Lien Stripping in New Jersey ( New York is slightly different):
An example of a typical New Jersey chapter 13 bankruptcy case: (note that this is a simplified example and not 100% accurate)
FACTS: A couple living in Newark, New Jersey, has a monthly mortgage payment of $1,500 dollars and is in arrears for ten (10) months, totaling $15,000. They also have credit card debts totaling $50,000 and a second mortgage of $150,000. The house has a current market value of $200,000 and there is a first mortgage of $160,000.
THE ANALYSES: The house has equity of $40,000. ($200,000 market value - $160,000 first mortgage). New Jersey uses a federal homestead exemption of $20,200 per person ($40,400 for a couple). This means that the first $40,400 in equity is exempt and creditors cannot get any part of it. Therefore, in this example, there is no excess equity in the home ($40,000 - $40,400 = -$400) so the debtor can keep his home by paying into the chapter 13 bankruptcy plan a total of $15,000 over 5 years. However, a small percentage must be paid to the unsecured creditors.
THE PLAN: The Debtors will pay the $15,000 in arrears. It will also offer to pay the unsecured credit card 5 cents on the dollar ( a 5% plan). The total of the plan will be $25,000. This amount includes $15000 for the first mortgage arrears, $2,500 for 5% of the $50,000 credit card debts, $7,500 for 5% of the second mortgage of $150,000. In addition there is a Trustees fee of 10%, which equals to $2,500. Therefore the plan total is $27,500. The plan we have chosen goes for 60 months, so the monthly amount of the plan is $ 458.34 per month. ($27,500 divided by 60 months)
The Debtors will pay to the Trustee the sum of $458.34 per month for 60 months. The plan therefore reduced the unsecured debts of $50,000 to $5,000 and the 2nd mortgage to $7,500. This is called a 5% plan. We the debtors complete the plan they will have paid off the mortgage arrears and reduced the unsecured credit cards and the second mortgage by 95%!!!
Behind in Your Mortgage? The bank served you with foreclosure papers? Schedule a free consultation with our bankruptcy lawyers and find our how a chapter 13 in New York or New Jersey can finally make your life livable again. Take this opportunity to also find out if the Obama Home loan Modification Program (HAMP) can help you in reducing your monthly mortgage payment.
Articles related to this topic
Moses Apsan and his staff, based in New York City and Newark, NJ provide exceptional legal services throughout the world, in all aspects of immigration to the United States, including non-immigrant (temporary visas), immigrant visa (Green Card) and deportation defense. In addition Mr. Apsan, has been practicing Bankruptcy law and Divorce laws for over 35 years, He was the President of the Federal Bar Association, New Jersey Chapter (1997-2002). He speaks Portuguese and Spanish..