There are students that are not interested in following an academic path with a F-1 visa, but have greater interest in vocational or technical learning and therefore would like to enter the U.S. with an M-1 visa and enter a vocational or technical school.
There is a major difference in the way an M-1 students are admitted into the United.
Unlike students with an F-1 visa who may stay for the duration of their training program plus any Optional Practical Training, and a thirty-day grace period at the completion of their training, the M-1 student’s I-94 is stamped for a fixed time period
To apply for an M-1 visa the prospective student must present a signed Form I-20 at a United States embassy or consulate in his home country. A designated school official, usually the international student adviser, issues the I-20, following the student‘s satisfaction of a school's admissions requirements and submitting proof of financial resources.
An M-1 Student’s stay may not exceed one year unless they apply and receive an extension for medical reasons. If a student violates his status by, for example, by working without permission, he is not eligible for the grace period.
Additionally M-1 student are not permitted to work on or off campus while studying. A change of their status to F-1 is also not permitted.
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