A young couple came to my office recently with a familiar story. The husband, a United States citizen, sponsored his wife for the Green Card. As she entered the U.S properly, with a visa, she was allowed to "adjust her status" in the United States. Basically this means that she would be receiving her Green Card without having to leave the country.
An application for adjustment of status was filed, and an immigration interview date scheduled.
At the interview, they were nervous and the husband kept on forgetting simple facts about the marriage. In a short while the interview was over. Apparently the immigration official suspected that this was marriage of convenience. The immigration officer took the passport and stamped it. The stamp read "245 interview." The applicants were escorted out. As a parting word the interviewer said, "You will be notified through the mail."
The following may trigger suspicion of fraud:
Understand that it’s not one of these factors that could trigger a marriage fraud
interview, but a combination of factors that leads the immigration examiner to
suspect that the marriage is not “bona fide.” It appears that the couple entered
into the marriage to evade the immigration laws.
Months passed and finally a letter arrived directing them to appear for a second interview. They show me the notice and asked me what to do, what to say, what is going on. And I explain:
The first interview is the standard interview and should have been their last but obviously the examiner was not satisfied. Instead of denying the application on the spot, which they have been known to do, the case was forwarded to the investigations unit of the United States Citizenship & Immigration Service (USCIS) for a second interview called a "Stokes" interview.
A Stokes interview is recorded and the parties are separated. The USCIS officer will thoroughly scrutinized the husband and wife in an attempt to arrive at the "truth." After all persons, including the attorney states his name and address the examiner asks whether any documents are being submitted in support of the petition.
This is a good opportunity to "stuff" the record with documents in your favor. Remember that the decision to deny or approve can only be based on the evidence in the record of proceeding.
Examples of appropriate documents are: birth certificate of children, leases for apartments which indicate both names along with rent receipts, life insurance policy showing the spouse as beneficiary, joint bank account, cancelled checks showing both parties use the checkbook, joint credit cards, family medical insurance, letters from the employer (on their letterhead, signed by an official of the firm stating date employment began, marital status, and whom to notify in case of emergency), copy of income taxes (filed jointly if they were married at the time filing is required), and photographs of the wedding and other photographs since marriage.
Once the documents are submitted, the actual interrogation of the couple really begins. First, one is taken into a room with only the immigration examiner and lawyer present.
The examiner begins by initially asking innocuous and simple questions. Eventually the questions become more detailed, more personal delving into all aspects of the couples relationship. Questions range from who woke up first this morning to what side of the bed you sleep on. Questions about other family members, such as mother, father, sisters and brothers are common. They may even ask to see the keys in your pocket and ask what each key is used for. They may ask that you empty your wallet and look at the papers and documents you carry. They are always searching for discrepancies, such as a driver’s license with a different address.
When the the first person's questioning is completed, the other spouse is questioned in the same fashion. Again, with the lawyer present. The identical questions are asked again. This time to see if the answers are substantially the same. The attorney listens carefully for any inconsistency and if necessary, re-words the question or clarifies it in order to assist his client. The attorney is there to take notes in preparation of a future appeal should it become necessary.
Once the second spouse has been questioned then both people are brought together. If there were discrepancies or inconsistencies in the individual answers the parties are asked to explain. Here again the lawyer may be able to assist in clarifying the questions and answers given.
If all the doubts of the official are satisfied then the petition should be approved.
If the examiner still believes that the couple only got married to get a green card they are sent home without an approval and will eventually get a notice of intent to deny in the mail. The parties have another chance to explain the discrepancies to the USCIS. If they are satisfied with the answers, they may either approve the case or send it back for another interview. If it is denied an appeal can be made, If the appeal is denied, many cases are forwarded to the deportation unit to commence deportation proceeding. During the deportation proceeding the couple has yet another opportunity to present their case to the judge and be granted the Green card.
Marriage fraud interview usually happen on any of the following situation:
• Interview by USCIS on the first notice for interview. Usually this is a brief question and answer.
• Interview by the Consular officer in the home country of the Beneficiary.
• Second notice for interview by USCIS or Consulate Officer. Thisa is the more detaoled interview.
• Interview by USCIS when Petitioner applies for removal of condition on residence under Form I-751.